Workers must be trained and educated in order to work at a construction site. Proper training and education would amplify productivity and safety of the worker. Employers should ensure that all workers operating receive proper training, and provide retraining if a worker has an accident while operating a lift. The benefits of maintaining health and safety at construction sites reduces workers compensation claims, reduces absenteeism, improves employees morale and satisfaction, and reduces insurance costs.
Head Protection - Workers shall wear hard hats where there is a potential for objects falling from above, the hats should be maintained and regularly checked to ensure they are in good condition.
Eye and Face Protection - Safety glasses or face shields are worn anytime work operations can cause foreign objects getting into the eye such as during welding, cutting, grinding, nailing (or when working with concrete and/or harmful chemicals or when exposed to flying particles). Ensure that eye protectors are comfortable to wear and kept clean. Use eye protectors for eye protection - do not put it on your head or hang it on your neck.
Foot Protection - Construction workers should wear work shoes or boots with slip-resistant and puncture-resistant soles.
Hand Protection - Workers should wear the right gloves that fit snugly. They should make sure they wash their hands after completing any work.
Elevated Surface - Signs should be posted, wherever needed, showing the elevated surface load capacity, permanent means of entry and exit, with handrails provided to elevated storage and work surfaces.
Every construction site should have a fence on all sides. Ensure safe access and egress at all times. Proper trenching should be done and soil piles should be avoided.
There is always a risk of fire. Workers should not smoke or use naked flames anywhere near flammable substances. Proper training for the use of fire extinguishers and fire evacuation procedures should be briefed as a safety measure.
Pay attention to public safety. Members of the public are often unaware of or do not understand the work carried out on construction sites and the risks involved. Take great care to prevent the fall of materials from a height. Do not stack materials on the floor edges or on scaffolds.
Dispose all waste and unwanted materials at a designated place. This would reduce the chance of any fatal accidents arising out of disposed waste materials.
There should be a First Aid Kit made readily available at the construction site. If anyone sustains an injury or feels unwell while working, he/she should go to the first aid room right away for medical treatment after notify a supervisor.
The main responsibility of a supervisor is to assist others so they work smoothly and safely. They have received specific safety training and are important members of the construction team. They are liable for the overall safety of the construction site.
Personal hygiene is one of the most essential needs at the construction site. One should wash their hands before meals and after using the toilet.
There should be a toilet constructed for proper sanitation at the construction site. The washroom should be connected to a continuous water supply with flushing capabilities and connected to the main drainage system. If this is not possible bio toilets should be provided. Men and women may use the same toilet, provided it is in a separate room with a door that can be locked from the inside. A washbasin with water, soap and towels should be provided at the construction site. Where the work is particularly dirty or workers are exposed to toxic or corrosive substances (Eg. during demolition or work in contaminated ground), showers should be provided, and if not available, proper facilities should be made for washing and cleaning.
Make sure there is a supply of drinking water. It is best if a tap direct from the mains is available, otherwise bottles or tanks of water may be used for storage. If water is stored, it should be protected from possible contamination and changed often enough to prevent it from becoming stale or contaminated.
Some emergencies may require evacuation of the site or to a different part of the site, while others might involve the rescue of an injured person. A large site with people working at many locations will probably need bells or sirens at a number of places to sound an alarm. There should be ready medical help depending upon the site.