Things you need to know when building a new house
Building a house of your own is the dream we all share. But building a home from scratch is not an easy job. It can be time-consuming, tedious and laborious at times if you are not aware of the procedures required.
Here are the things you need to know before you plan to build a house of your own:
Know your land/plot
Every building requires a strong base for that you require land or a plot. Buying land for construction requires serious evaluation. You need to think about the locality based on the desired facility, you also need to get the soil quality checked which will help you build a strong foundation. Other than that, It is suggested to do prior research about the land or plot before buying to know the pricing and if the land is under any dispute. The research can be done online or with help from a trusted real estate agent.
Get technical help
After acquiring land, the first thing to do is to hire an architect or a designer to create designs according to your requirements. After having a proper floor plan with the total number of rooms, built up area etc. you need to consult a structural engineer to get a proper idea about the required reinforcements to be used, type foundation, amount of material to be used, the width of pillars and walls, etc.
Estimate proper budget
One of the most crucial task while building your home is to have proper budgeting. You cannot totally rely on a contractor or an architect to do the budgeting. After all, it’s your money that is getting spent and you need to know how much and where it is going to be spent. Also, if you are planning to apply for a home loan then it is a prerequisite to know every detail beforehand to seek pre-approval for your loan.
Get permission from authorities
Another important aspect which is necessary to build the house is to get prior permission from the local municipal body. There are some common documents you need to submit to the authorities to get clearance. But there are some documents which may differ according to your state.
Some of the common documents are land survey report, report of a soil test, land purchasing documents, architectural designs, elevation drawings, structural report and certificate of the undertaking by an architect or civil engineer on record.
Approach a builder
Choosing the right builder is one of the most important and crucial tasks while building a home. You must find out about previous work and track record before hiring a builder for your house. Every work detail should be properly documented in the contract before starting the building process. The contract must include your house layout and work timings, payment procedure, costs, and material cost. You should read the contract carefully before signing the final deal.
For estimation of the total material, you require professional help. Although there are software available in the market which can help you get a rough estimate on your material requirement. But it is always better to do a proper market survey and find out about material cost by yourself.
The best quality material for construction is the one which helps you build sturdy structures and is environment-friendly. You need to know a few aspects of construction materials before making the purchase. Good bricks should have a uniform colour which shows that they are not over burnt. TMT Steel or Thermo-Mechanically Treated steel is best for construction. This reinforcement steel has higher-strength and better ductility. Cement is the most used and favoured binding material in house construction. The strength of the concrete mix is dependent on the grade of cement. Hence, one must know the grade of cement, and how it can affect the construction of your house.