Great architects of Indian History

Indian architecture is as old as the history of civilization. The earliest remains of recognizable building activity in India dates back to Mohenjodaro and Harappa civilization. Among India’s ancient architectural remains, the most characteristic is the religious structures like temples, stupas, and mosques. Medieval architecture brought forts, palaces, and mausoleum. And the modern era saw the architectures like government buildings, bridges, and dams. The distinct architectural style of every era is the result of the cultural inclusion by the architects of India over the years.


Here we are listing down the architects of famous architectural marvels which are prominent in Indian history.


Ustad Ahmad Lahori –  Taj Mahal

Ustad Ahmad Lahori was a Persian architect. He is said to have been the chief architect of the Taj Mahal which is one of the 7 wonders of the world. Constructed during the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a symbol of love, Taj Mahal is a mausoleum for his late wife Mumtaz. This iconic structure is the crown jewel of India. Built using the finest marble from Makarana, the Taj Mahal has interesting architecture stories to tell.


Lal Chand Ustad – Hawa Mahal

The Hawa Mahal was designed by Lal Chand Ustad and was built under the reign of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the shape of a crown because he was a strong devotee of Lord Krishna. It is also called the Palace of Winds because of it’s 953 small windows called jharokhas. The design was inspired by the unique structure of Khetri Mahal. Hawa Mahal has a unique five-story exterior which is similar to the honeycomb of a beehive and the windows are decorated with intricate latticework.


Edwin Lutyens – India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan

Lutyens played an instrumental role in designing and building New Delhi as we know it. In recognition of his contribution, New Delhi is also known as “Lutyens’ Delhi”. In collaboration with Sir Herbert Baker, he was the main architect of several major buildings in New Delhi such as the India Gate and Viceroy’s House, which was renamed as the Rashtrapati Bhavan after independence.


Sir Mokshagundam Vishweshvaraya – Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore

Vishweshvaraya was the 1st Indian to have a degree in engineering and his birthday is celebrated as Engineers’ day in India. He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam built across river Kaveri in 1924. It is the main source of water for the districts of Mysore.


Seshadri Srinivasan – Bandra Worli Sealink

Sheshadri Srinivasan is the chief designer for the project of the Bandra Worli Sealink. BWSL was designed as the first cable-stayed bridge to be constructed in open seas in India. This bridge links Bandra in the Western Suburbs of Mumbai with Worli in South Mumbai reducing the travel time by 20-30 minutes.

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