Fundamentals of green buildings
Did you know 3.5 billion to 7 billion trees get cut down each year? With the increase in urban population the green jungles are being replaced by these concrete jungles. So how will urban population get oxygen and greenery near them? We might have an answer to this problem i.e. Green Buildings.
Green building is the one which uses less water, optimizes energy efficiency, conserves natural resources, generates less waste and provides healthier spaces for occupants, as compared to other conventional building. There are many aspects in various phases of construction, design, and maintenance which should be considered in the making of an environment-friendly Green Building.
Here are some things to consider –
Construction Site – While selecting the site for construction one must think about if the area has been developed already, or if the natural resources of the area will get affected by the construction. One should also orient their buildings to take advantage of passive solar to bring in natural light and heat in the winter.
Environment-friendly Design – The design should minimize thermal loss by using natural light. The home should be well insulated and ventilated. And the size of the house should be as compact as possible.
Material Usage – The use of renewable or recycled content is recommended. While some of the construction materials are not that environment-friendly, so one must try to use the materials which cause less wastage and pollution.
Energy Conservation – To save energy wastage the electrical systems should be designed in such a way that the reliance on over-consuming energy can be reduced while creating energy for everyday needs from renewable energy sources.
Reduce Water Wastage – Water conservation is an integral part of every sustainable construction. Popular water-saving ideas like collecting rainwater, reusing indoor wash water and other methods to ensure the on-site supply of water are increasingly becoming popular.