5 famous dams of India
Our 1st prime minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru referred dams as “New Temples of resurgent India” because he considered them to be the symbol of progress and prosperity. After independence, India has made a lot of progress in water reservoirs and dams. Today India is one of the most prolific dam-builders in the world. There are more than 4300 large dams already constructed and many more in the pipeline, almost half of which are built more than twenty years ago. These dams are the major attraction of tourism.
Here we enlist top 5 dams which are most famous for their state of the art architecture and functionality.
1. Tehri Dam – Bhagirathi River
Tehri Dam is built across the river Bhagirathi, Uttarakhand. Tehri Dam is known to be the highest dam in India and the eighth tallest dam in the world with a height of almost 261 meters. The high rock and earth-fill embankment dam first phase were completed in 2006 and the other two phases are under construction. The dam water reservoir is used for irrigation, municipal water supply and the generation of 1,000 MW of hydroelectricity.
2. Bhakra Nangal Dam – Sutlej River
Bhakra Nangal Dam is a gravity dam built across the Sutlej river Himachal Pradesh. Bhakra Nangal is one of the largest dams in India, with a height of 225 meters and second largest dam in Asia. Its reservoir, known as the “Gobind Sagar Lake” is the second largest reservoir in India.
3. Sardar Sarovar Dam – Narmada River
Sardar Sarovar Dam, also known as Narmada Dam is one of the largest dams to be built with a height of 163 meters over the sacred river of Narmada in Gujarat. The gravity dam is known to be the largest dam of Narmada Valley Project with power facilities up to 200 MW. The dam is meant to cater the 4 major states of India namely, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan.
4. Hirakud Dam – Mahanadi River
Hirakud dam built across the Mahanadi River in state Orissa is one of the longest dams in the world with the length of almost 26 km. There are two observation towers on the dam on each ends called “Gandhi Minar” and “Nehru Minar”.
The Hirakud Reservoir is approximately 55 km long which forms India’s largest artificial lake with the maximum holding capacity of 743used as a multipurpose scheme intended for flood control, irrigation and power generation. It was one of the major multipurpose river valley projects after Independence.
5. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – Krishna River
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is known to be the world’s largest masonry dam with a height of 124 meters, built across Krishna River in Telangana. The dam is 1.6 km long with 26 gates, and it’s the testimony of architectural advancement of our country. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the second biggest water reservoir in India with the storage capacity of 312 TMC (Thousand million cubic feet).