10 facts about Portland Cement that you didn’t know
Can you even imagine how the skyline of your city will look like without the buildings made of cement? Portland cement is the most common type of cement available in the market. Thanks to its incredible strength and versatility it provides to the buildings and structures.
But did you know that people have been using cement since ancient times? It is the most common man-made material on the planet.
Want to know more? Read on to find out 10 facts about Portland Cement that you didn’t know.
- The main ingredient in Portland Cement is lime. Lime is made from limestone, natural chalk or seashells by burning off the carbon dioxide with air between 1100° C and 1200° C.
- Portland cement is patented by Joseph Aspdin, a bricklayer and mason in Leeds, England in the year 1824.
- It was initially called hydraulic cement but later it was named Portland cement because its color resembled the stone quarried on the Isle of Portland off the British coast.
- The Romans used cement as a binding material to make buildings, roads, and other structures.
- The knowledge of how the Romans created cement was lost for nearly 2000 years.
- Portland cement works as the bonding material in concrete.
- Portland Cement is considered the most widely used material in the world.
- More than 7 billion cubic meters of concrete are produced by Portland Cement each year. That’s one cubic meter for each person on the planet.
- Manufacturing Portland cement requires a tremendous amount of energy which can cause pollution. But as compared to other building materials it has way more positive aspects and causes relatively low pollution.
- Concrete continues to strengthen for decades due to absorption of Carbon dioxide over time.